Implementing full text search in T-SQL stored procedures

Enabling full text search in T-SQL is not as popular as doing it with the Enterprise Manager, but is still worthwhile. Here are the T-SQL steps to take in order to implement FTS in T-SQL.

  1. Enabling full text on the database
  2. EXEC sp_fulltext_database  'enable' 
  3. Create the catalog if it does not exist
  4. EXEC sp_fulltext_catalog   'MyCatalog','create' 
  5. Add a full text index on a table
  6. EXEC sp_fulltext_table     'Products', 'create', 'MyCatalog', 'pk_products'
    EXEC sp_fulltext_table     'Categories', 'create', 'MyCatalog', 'pk_categories'
  7. Add a column to the full text index
  8. EXEC sp_fulltext_column    'Products', 'ProductName', 'add' 
    EXEC sp_fulltext_column    'Categories', 'Description', 'add'
  9. Activate the index
  10. EXEC sp_fulltext_table     'Products','activate'
    EXEC sp_fulltext_table     'Categories','activate'
  11. Start full population
  12. EXEC sp_fulltext_catalog   'MyCatalog', 'start_full'

Using the index in T-SQL:

USE Northwind
SELECT ProductId, ProductName, UnitPrice
FROM Products
WHERE CONTAINS(ProductName, ' "sasquatch " OR "stout" ')

USE Northwind
SELECT CategoryName
FROM Categories
WHERE FREETEXT (Description, 'sweetest candy bread and dry meat' )

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This was first published in June 2002

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