I think your best bet is using the Remote Components Setup (to enable remote debugging). Refer to the following link for more info: http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/vsdebug/html/vctskinstallingremotedebugmonitor.asp
You'll have to build on a local machine and deploy to the server, but RCS should provide everything you need for remote debugging.
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